"A programming language is low level when its program needs to be careful about what is not relevant", Alan Jay Perlis (1922-1990)

Being a programmer, a computer developer, knowing how to code in different languages, as well as understanding the basics of programming (for example, to better position a page as an editor or SEO consultant), are skills that are increasingly in demand in the job market.

According to the well-known website dedicated to web development Stackoverflow, the average annual salary of web developers in 2018 in Spain was € 35,000.

The income that a worker in the IT sector can have reaches € 50,000 per year in Spain, such as web designers or DevOps specialists.

Do you want to learn to program applications or develop user interfaces?

Here we leave you our mini-guide to know everything about programming.

What is the origin of computer programming?

History of programming.
Ada Lovelace: a genius who was at the origin of computer algorithms.

You know?

The first draft of a programming model dates from the year 1842 and was developed by a woman.

The history of computing predates the digital age and is the result of a colossal work in which women, experts in the shadows and forgotten by the collective memory, were very present.

Ada Lovelace (1814-1852) is one of the most notable figures. It was able to run a large number of successive iterations in a single operation.

He called this process "algorithm" after the Syrian scientist Al Khawarizmi (780-850), who introduced algebra to Europe and classified algorithms according to their completion.

Ada Lovelace was able to detail a method that consisted of calculating Bernoulli numbers on a system of punched cards on which she had encoded a large volume of information.

It was the world's first computer program.

It will take until the 1940s to see the first computers. The first was baptized as l'ENIAC, an English acronym for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer.

But in this age scientists had to write computer programs and language by hand. Imagine the pages and pages of calculations and lines of computer code written on paper.

Programming languages ​​saw the light in the second half of the 20th century.

The first machines were created to quickly solve very complex computational problems for the human brain.

Computer languages ​​were born with the writing of the Fortran language ( Formula Translator ) in the late 1950s. Fortran is the first high-level language used by IBM for scientific calculation.

The second language that marked the second step on the path of computing is COBOL, conceived to develop management applications.

Fortan and Cobol have been the languages ​​that marked the path of computing and were the languages ​​of the first computers and transistors.

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Between the 1960s and 1980s, numerous computer codes flourished, among which we can highlight:

  • Simulate 67 (1967)
  • The C language (1969-1973)
  • Pascal (1970)
  • The SQL (1974)
  • The C ++ language (1983)
  • Objective-C (object-oriented programming)

And later the languages ​​Dbase, Eiffel, Mathematica, Perl, Tcl / Tk will appear.

In 1990 programming languages ​​are developed and programming methods are improved, but it is only the germ of a revolution.

In the 1990s, a revolutionary tool appeared, originally created to make information accessible to everyone: the Internet.

The appearance of web servers will lead to the creation of new computer languages, to the suspicion of some thinkers of the time (philosophers, economists, etc.), who expressed their doubts about this new creation and did not see the possible potential that digital would have. for society.

The language begins to improve little by little, new scripts are created , programmed to be integrated into web pages and to function in simple programming:

  • Python was invented 1991.
  • PHP, JavaScript, and Java were written in 1995.
  • Ruby was invented in 1993.
  • C # was written in 2000.

Currently, in 2020, the languages ​​Python, PHP, Java, and JavaScript are the most widespread and the most used.

JavaScript is the most widely used language in the world. And there are only 25 years that it exists and little more than the Internet was invented.

The history of programming codes is as if the people of the Roman Empire had created the necessary technology to extract oil and gas knowing that these resources were going to be the most used in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Why learn computer programming?

To this day, programmers are like the kings of the job market: learning to program and know the computer language allows us to climb to the top 10 of the best-paid jobs in the world.

The utility of programming.
The job of a web developer requires constantly renewing the skills acquired.

Why learn to program when it is already difficult for us to write correctly and without spelling mistakes in Spanish?

Whether to develop a user interface, program a video game, create web applications or mobile applications or program the digital control of a company, learning to program is increasingly necessary.

This profession requires us to know several languages ​​(with their specificities) and to undertake higher studies (a minimum 4-year degree).

More and more goods and services are created with the help of algorithms, called "artificial intelligence."

For these reasons, learning to program is a skill that helps us to have a good job insertion.

Similarly, the monthly salary of computer developers is at a minimum of € 1,500, which can quickly reach € 2,000; and the great professionals of the sector with years of experience reach figures of € 4,000 per month.

In the United States, Japan or Australia the salaries of the best programmers are even more impressive… it is known that the annual income of some of them reaches six figures.

In addition, this job is one of the few in which we can go from being a beginner to being an expert in programming thanks to private programming classes through tutorials.

That's how it is! The most motivated can be self-taught and train for free onlineLearn, train and improve through practice.

Whether in HTML or CSS, in C programming or in Python language (reputed to be easy to learn), in JavaScript or Java language, you can learn to program thanks to the many libraries available online.

Learning a programming language allows us to understand the digital environment of the web: 

The objective is to be able to write a code-oriented to the user and for the little robot on web servers in charge of indexing web pages.

Programming is used to describe the operations that the computer must execute: therefore, a machine language must be created that is interpretable by the machine and subsequently transcribed into human language.

Learning to program can open the doors to other professions related to the digital world: content manager, SEO writer (requires having notions of HTML and CSS programming), SEO consultant (implies knowing the basics of web development), researcher or engineer ( for which you very often need to know Python).

The choice of language allows programming different tools: JavaScript to develop web pages, C ++ to program video games, Java for a mobile application on Android, Swift or Objective-C for an application on iOS, C # for Windows Mobile, etc.

The programming language is not gibberish, but a translation adapted from human language for a machine.

And knowing it opens up a world of opportunities for you.

What are the different types of computer programming?

So how do you choose a computer language that suits your goals?

There are more than 7,000 programming languages, but it is enough to control the most popular languages ​​to be a good programmer.

Know the computer language.
If you know how to program in JavaScript, you have a better chance of finding a well-paying job.

The type of programming chosen leads us to different programming systems and allows us to provide, logically, different solutions to users.

If you want to start or improve your programming skills, it is best to start from an HTML code.

Tags are easy to learn and, above all, HTML is a basic language, we find it everywhere.

Created as a complement to the latter, CSS ( Cascading Style Sheets ) allows the machine to indicate how the page should be displayed: style, colors, font size, typography, placement of images, etc.

It is therefore mandatory for any self-respecting web developer.

If you plan to learn to develop applications you will have to train more in Java.

Java allows you to program mobile applications on Android. It has the reputation of being a difficult programming language, but it is the one that dominates the digital world.

The other most used language in the world is JavaScript: it offers high-quality programming and allows user-interface programming.

It describes the global behavior of the web page, is activated on the client side and is used to optimize the user experience (UX).

This language is useful for developing web pages and for natural positioning (SEO) oriented to user experience (SXO).

Other widely-used programming languages ​​are:

  • PHP, to create pages especially in WordPress.
  • C, low-level language for video games.
  • Python.
  • SQL, for databases.

Remember that to be a good programmer and progress you must always be motivated.

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What are the phases of computer programming?

Do you have a web project and want to know in what order to proceed?

Don't have anyone to help you program your software? Are you a freelance developer and want to learn how to manage the relationship with the client?

Stages to make lines of codes.
The test phase: an essential step to see the writing errors.

First of all, you have to know what the phases of computer programming are .

You will have to prepare a specification in which you describe your entire project in Spanish with all the details : use, operation, presentation, purpose, nature, objective ...

This first stage will serve to define the relationship between information and users.

You will have to choose the type of storage, the network configuration and the protocols (HTTP or HTTPS ).

As the program develops, you will first have to write the source code, that is, the texts that must be registered in a text editor, such as Sublime Text.

This is the moment when you have to decide if you use one language or another . Remember, the language you choose allows you to develop one type of tool or another.

The redacted source code must then be compiled to obtain the executable code.

The assembly process gathers all the information and regroups it into segments of the same nature (codes, links, etc.)

Whichever language you choose, you always have to go through a test phase, a beta phase, to see the bugs and errors that appear and solve them.

This stage is essential in the web development process to see possible programming errors and investigate the bugs.